The Pemmican War was a series of armed confrontations during the North American fur trade between the Hudsons Bay Company (HBC) and the North West Company (NWC) in the years following the establishment of the Red River Colony in 1812 by Lord Selkirk. It ended in 1821 when the NWC merged with the HBC.
What was the purpose of the Pemmican Proclamation?
The proclamation was issued in attempt to stop the Métis people from exporting pemmican out of the Red River district. Cuthbert Grant, leader of the Métis, disregarded MacDonells proclamation and continued the exportation of pemmican to the North West Company.
How did the Battle of Seven Oaks happen?
The Battle of Seven Oaks took place on June 19, 1816 north of the forks of the Red and the Assiniboine Rivers. It was a violent encounter between a party of Métis led by Cuthbert Grant and a group of Hudsons Bay Company men and Selkirk settlers led by Governor Robert Semple.
Was the Battle of Seven Oaks a massacre?
The Battle of Seven Oaks was a violent confrontation in the Pemmican War between the Hudsons Bay Company (HBC) and the North West Company (NWC), rivals in the fur trade, that took place on 19 June 1816, the climax of a long dispute in western Canada.
Why was the NWC created?
The name first described Montréal traders who in 1776 pooled resources to reduce competition among themselves and to resist inland advances of the Hudsons Bay Company. Founded in 1779, the North West Company was a major force in the fur trade from the 1780s to 1821.
How many Métis died in the Seven Oaks Massacre?
22 people dead A 200-year-old battle that left 22 people dead was remembered in Winnipeg Sunday as a turning point in the history of Manitobas Métis people.
Why did the pemmican proclamation anger many Métis and North West Company NWC traders?
The Pemmican Proclamation forbade the exportation of food from the Red River Colony (HBC territory), which angered both the Métis and employees of the North West Company. They believed it was a ploy on the part of the Hudsons Bay Company.
How long did the pemmican war last?
25 minutes The battle lasted only 25 minutes. In the end, 21 Red River settlers and Hudson Bay Company employees were killed, including Governor Semple, while the North West Company had one killed and one wounded, plus an unknown number of native casualties.
How did NWC begin?
After the British takeover of New France, the North West Company (NWC) was established in Montreal, largely by newly arrived Highland Scots who formed several partnerships that combined to form the North West Company in 1779-1784.
What is beaver fur called?
fur-wool The North American beaver is the continent largest rodent. Its amphibious body is covered with a soft felt-like under fur that is 1 inch thick. This under layer of barbed hairs is called fur-wool and it is covered by a protective over layer of coarse guard hairs measuring about 2 inches in length.
Why is Gabriel Dumont important?
Gabriel Dumont is best known as the man who led the small Métis military forces during the Northwest Resistance of 1885. These abilities made Dumont a natural leader in the large annual Buffalo hunts that were an important part of Métis culture.
When did the Battle of Seven Oaks end?
June 19, 1816 Battle of Seven Oaks/End dates
Why is beaver fur so valuable?
Mammal winter pelts were prized for warmth, particularly animal pelts for beaver wool felt hats, which were an expensive status symbol in Europe. The demand for beaver wool felt hats was such that the beaver in Europe and European Russia had largely disappeared through exploitation.